Tag: ios

Collapsed Circle List View

For a current project we needed a small view that shows multiple circles with reactions in them. Those circles should have a white border and they should overlap. The view is IBInspectable/Designable and you can set the circle border color, circle border width, and the offset factor.

You can find the project here (the ReactionListView).

iPhone 5 and iPad Pro Wireframe

Although I’m a fan of creating the mockups in illustrator directly, it sometimes can be a lot faster to make a few first drafts on paper. Since I could not find an Illustrator template that matched my needs, I made my own wireframe templates. I don’t even know why I’m writing a text for this post, you’re probably only searching for the download button.

Click on the image to download the PDF. You can also download the iPhone 5 Illustrator File and iPad Pro Illustrator File

Grid View Component for iOS

I’m a huge fan of the new UIStackView in iOS 9, but for one of my projects I did need a view that has a fixed grid layout. It would be completely possible to build this with a collection view or stack views, but I’ve decided to build my own little view.

You can find a zip containing the project here or you can take a look at the source code here.

A Small Speed Comparison – Objective-C and Swift

Today I thought about migrating Apricum to Swift as I did remember the WWDC announcement saying it’s about 50% faster than Objective-C.

Click for the stackoverflow post regarding swift’s performance

I rewrote the necessary parts (just 3 classes) of the Apricum patch programming core in Swift and tested a simple add patch with 1000 different input values (two random numbers for input a and b).
The Objective-C version (which uses the Apricum Core framework) took 0.0087s and the Swift version (not nearly as big as the Apricum framework) took 0.0211s.
I’m not saying that this is a good test as both versions are quite different so I made two similar versions and compared them.

// Objective-C
@interface SimpleAdd : NSObject
-(NSUInteger)add:(NSUInteger)a and:(NSUInteger)b;

@implementation SimpleAdd

-(NSUInteger)add:(NSUInteger)a and:(NSUInteger)b {
	return a+b;


int main(int argc, const char * argv[]) {
	@autoreleasepool {
		SimpleAdd *add = [[SimpleAdd alloc] init];
		NSDate *start = [NSDate date];
		for (NSUInteger i = 0; i < 100000000; i++) {
			NSUInteger a = arc4random()%(UINT32_MAX/100);
			NSUInteger b = arc4random()%(UINT32_MAX/100);
			NSUInteger res = [add add:a and:b];
		NSDate *end = [NSDate date];
		printf("Duration %f\n",[end timeIntervalSinceDate:start]);

    return 0;
// Swift
class SimpleAdd {
	func add(a: UInt32, b: UInt32) -> UInt32 {
		return a + b;

let add = SimpleAdd();

let start = NSDate();

for _ in 0...100000000 {
	let numA = arc4random() % (UINT32_MAX/100);
	let numB = arc4random() % (UINT32_MAX/100);
	let res = add.add(numA, b: numB);

let end = NSDate();

let dif = end.timeIntervalSinceDate(start);

print("Duration: \(dif)");

Now Objective-C took 4.1378s and Swift 4.3653s, which doesn’t seem like a big difference. But Swift doesn’t have dynamic method calls (well it supports the target/actions, but only by using Objective-C) unlike Objective-C where every call to a NSObject is a dynamic method call.

I personally will continue to use Objective-C over Swift, not because Objective-C is in one arbitrary test 0.2275s faster than Swift. It’s mainly because I’m not the biggest fan of the Swift programming language. It’s easier to read if you know Java/JavaScript already, which is a big advantage if you want to get into iOS Development and already know one of them, but I’m missing the features I love about Objective-C.
Additionally the freedom to choose whether you check objects for nil or just call a method is far, far better than those nested ‘if let’ checks you see all over Swift code. Most of the time the code I’ve read ends up using var xyz: ExampleType! which is even worse, as it’ll end up crashing your app if xyz isn’t set somehow, which although it should not happen, might happen.

Another part I really dislike is the lack of backward compatibility in Swift. While programming Objective-C, it happened once, that a change has been made that needed code changes. That was the migration to ARC, where you can still (to this day) mix ARC code with non-ARC code.
The complete opposite is Swift, where changes are frequent and mandatory. I was working on a project and over night Xcode updated to version 7.0 with a slightly different Swift syntax, making it necessary to change small parts all over the project (Fortunately one team member already did change most parts to the new syntax). This incident drove me away from using Swift for big projects, as I can compile more than 5 year old Objective-C code, but can’t compile Swift code I wrote a few months ago.

Although it probably sounds like it, I don’t hate Swift. Every programming language has pros and cons and you have to pick the one that matches your requirements and personal preferences. Swift is quite simple (I’d put it somewhere in the middle between JavaScript and Java) yet quite efficient, which actually isn’t that important anymore. Whether you wait 1ms or 2ms for your app to load doesn’t make any difference and if there are some parts that need to be faster you can still write them in C (and therefore also directly in assembler) to speed them up.

UIActivityViewController NSData with Filename

In one of my upcoming apps I want the user to be able to send a file using the UIActivityViewController. As I create the NSData object during runtime, I passed the data to the activity view like this:

NSData *someData = /*...*/;
UIActivityViewController *activityViewController = [[UIActivityViewController alloc] initWithActivityItems:@[someData] applicationActivities:nil];

But unfortunately this resulted in something like this:


So in order to get a filename instead of “Attachment-1” I create a file in the temporary directory and pass the activity view the url.

// create url
NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:[NSTemporaryDirectory() stringByAppendingString:@"My File.txt"]];
NSData *data = /*...*/;
// write data
[dataToWrite writeToURL:url atomically:NO];

// create activity view controller
UIActivityViewController *activityViewController = [[UIActivityViewController alloc] initWithActivityItems:@[url] applicationActivities:nil];
[activityViewController setCompletionWithItemsHandler:^(NSString *activityType, BOOL completed, NSArray *returnedItems, NSError *activityError) {
	//Delete file
	NSError *errorBlock;
	if([[NSFileManager defaultManager] removeItemAtURL:url error:&errorBlock] == NO) {
		NSLog(@"error deleting file %@",error);

As a result, the messages screen looks now like this:


Easy GPS Tracker

After more than 1 year I finally managed to update DrunkTracker, and as I want this App to be used not only by teenagers I have renamed it to Easy GPS Tracker. It’s mainly an interface update to iOS 7 and the 4-inch screen of the newer iPhones. Look here for more information: Easy GPS Tracker

iOS 7 Launch Status Bar Color

Xcode hasn’t got the ‘Light Content’-statusbar style in the drop-down menu at the moment. For one of my apps I have a mainly black launch image you could only see the battery sign, nothing else. So to get your App to start with a white statusbar you need to enter UIStatusBarStyleLightContent manually into the Info.plist.

Screen Shot 2014-02-19 at 17.54.05

SpaceDebris online

My newest game, SpaceDebris, is now online in the App Store and Mac App Store. Check it out!

OpenGL ES 2.0 Render to UIImage

So I’ve struggled quite a bit getting a UIImage from my OpenGL view, as most of the posts were about OpenGL ES 1.0 (which seems a little bit different from 2.0). A few days later i contact the Apple Support as i had a few help-tickets left and they were able to tell me one line I was missing in my code. As this may be helpful to other programmers i decided to post it here. Here’s the source code (just replace the ‘draw code here’-comment with your code).

@interface RenderToImage()
	EAGLContext* myContext;
	GLuint framebuffer;
	GLuint colorRenderbuffer;
	GLuint depthRenderbuffer;

	int width;
	int height;

@implementation RenderToImage

- (id) init
	self = [super init];
	if (self)

	return self;

-(void) setupOpenGL
	[EAGLContext setCurrentContext:myContext];

	glGenFramebuffersOES(1, &framebuffer);
	glBindFramebufferOES(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, framebuffer);

	glGenRenderbuffersOES(1, &colorRenderbuffer);
	glBindRenderbufferOES(GL_RENDERBUFFER, colorRenderbuffer);
	glRenderbufferStorageOES(GL_RENDERBUFFER, GL_RGBA8_OES, width, height);
	glFramebufferRenderbufferOES(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, GL_COLOR_ATTACHMENT0, GL_RENDERBUFFER, colorRenderbuffer);

	//GLuint depthRenderbuffer;
	glGenRenderbuffersOES(1, &depthRenderbuffer);
	glBindRenderbufferOES(GL_RENDERBUFFER, depthRenderbuffer);
	glRenderbufferStorageOES(GL_RENDERBUFFER, GL_DEPTH_COMPONENT16, width, height);
	glFramebufferRenderbufferOES(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, GL_DEPTH_ATTACHMENT, GL_RENDERBUFFER, depthRenderbuffer);

	GLenum status = glCheckFramebufferStatus(GL_FRAMEBUFFER) ;
		NSLog(@"failed to make complete framebuffer object %x", status);

	sample = [[OpenGLSample alloc] init];
	[sample setContext:myContext];
	[sample setupGL];

-(UIImage *) renderWithSize:(CGSize)size
	myContext = [[EAGLContext alloc] initWithAPI:kEAGLRenderingAPIOpenGLES2];
	width = size.width;
	height = size.height;

	[EAGLContext setCurrentContext:myContext];
	[self setupOpenGL];


	glBindFramebufferOES(GL_FRAMEBUFFER_OES, framebuffer);
	glBindRenderbufferOES(GL_RENDERBUFFER_OES, colorRenderbuffer);

	// --- DRAW CODE HERE ---

	// grabbing image from FBO

	GLint backingWidth, backingHeight;

	glGetRenderbufferParameterivOES(GL_RENDERBUFFER_OES, GL_RENDERBUFFER_WIDTH_OES, &backingWidth);
	glGetRenderbufferParameterivOES(GL_RENDERBUFFER_OES, GL_RENDERBUFFER_HEIGHT_OES, &backingHeight);

	NSInteger x = 0, y = 0;
	NSInteger dataLength = width * height * 4;
	GLubyte *data = (GLubyte*)malloc(dataLength * sizeof(GLubyte));

	glPixelStorei(GL_PACK_ALIGNMENT, 4);
	glReadPixels(x, y, width, height, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, data);

	CGDataProviderRef ref = CGDataProviderCreateWithData(NULL, data, dataLength, NULL);
	CGColorSpaceRef colorspace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
	CGImageRef iref = CGImageCreate(width, height, 8, 32, width * 4, colorspace, kCGBitmapByteOrder32Big | kCGImageAlphaPremultipliedLast,
									ref, NULL, true, kCGRenderingIntentDefault);

	UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(CGSizeMake(width, height));
	CGContextRef cgcontext = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
	CGContextSetBlendMode(cgcontext, kCGBlendModeCopy);
	CGContextDrawImage(cgcontext, CGRectMake(0.0, 0.0, width, height), iref);
	UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();


	[EAGLContext setCurrentContext:nil];

	return image;


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